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Proceedings Paper

Development of ZrSiO attenuated phase-shift mask for ArF excimer laser lithography
Author(s): Nobuhiko Fukuhara; Takashi Haraguchi; Koichiro Kanayama; Tadashi Matsuo; Susumu Takeuchi; Kozue Tomiyama; Tadashi Saga; Yusuke Hattori; Takashi Ooshima; Masao Otaki
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Paper Abstract

We have reported that Zirconium Silicon Oxide (ZrSiO) film is one of the most promising materials for attenuated phase shift mask (att. PSM) for ArF excimer laser lithography. In this paper, we report on practical mask characteristics of ZrSiO att.PSM through its fabrication process. Optical constants (refractive index n/extinction coefficient k) of ZrSiO sputtered films vary continuously according to Ar/O2 flow ratios. A reasonable solution to improve spectroscopic property including transmittance at inspection wavelength can be obtained by a bi-layer structure, consisting of two films having different optical constants, that is absorptive film (AF) and transmissive film (TF). By selecting a pair of appropriate optical constants and adjusting thickness of each layer, we developed the bi-layer structure suitable for optical and other required properties. ZrSiO films are etched by chlorine-based gases, especially AF (bottom layer) dry etching using BCl3 gas has high selectivity to quartz substrate. By optimizing dry etching conditions, cross sectional profile has been attained to over 80 deg, moreover no remarkable residues and edge roughness can be seen. These masks are confirmed to have sufficient tolerance to conventional cleaning process by monitoring the change of transmittance or reflectance curve. Consequently, both transmittance and phase shift through fabrication process approached the required specification, plus or minus 0.3% and plus or minus 2 deg, respectively. Inspection or measurement tools for conventional masks are also applicable. In addition, ZrSiO att.PSM is proved to have sufficient durability for ArF excimer laser irradiation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 December 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3873, 19th Annual Symposium on Photomask Technology, (30 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.373291
Show Author Affiliations
Nobuhiko Fukuhara, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Takashi Haraguchi, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Koichiro Kanayama, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Tadashi Matsuo, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Susumu Takeuchi, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Kozue Tomiyama, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Tadashi Saga, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Yusuke Hattori, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Takashi Ooshima, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Masao Otaki, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3873:
19th Annual Symposium on Photomask Technology
Frank E. Abboud; Brian J. Grenon, Editor(s)

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