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Proceedings Paper

Mathematical model of the two-point bending test for strength measurement of optical fibers
Author(s): Leonid S. Srubshchik
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Paper Abstract

The mathematical and numerical analysis of two nonlinear problems of solid mechanics related to the breaking strength of coated optical glass fibers are presented. Both of these problems are concerned with the two-point bending technique which measures the strength of optical fibers by straining them in a bending mode between two parallel plates. The plates are squeezed together until the fiber fractures. The process gives a measurement of fiber strength. The present theory of this test is based on the elastica theory of an unshearable and inextensible rod. However, within the limits of the elastics theory the tensile and shear stresses cannot be determined. In this paper we study the behavior of optical glass fiber on the base of a geometrically exact nonlinear Cosserat theory in which a rod can suffer flexure, extension, and shear. We adopt the specific nonlinear stress-strain relations in silica and titania-doped silica glass fibers and show that it does not yield essential changes in the results as compared with the results for the linear stress-strain relations. We obtain the governing equations of the motion of the fiber in the two-point bending test taking into account the friction between the test fiber and the rigid plates. We develop the computational methods to solve the initial and equilibrium free-boundary nonlinear planar problems. We derive formulas for tensile and shear stresses which allow us to calculate tension in the fiber. The numerical results show that frictional forces play an important role. The interaction of optical fiber and rigid plates is treated by means of the classical contact theory.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3848, Optical Fiber Reliability and Testing, (29 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.372768
Show Author Affiliations
Leonid S. Srubshchik, New York Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3848:
Optical Fiber Reliability and Testing
M. John Matthewson, Editor(s)

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