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Proceedings Paper

Operating the ISO-SWS InSb detectors at temperatures above 4 K
Author(s): Bart K.P. Vandenbussche; Mattheus WM de Graauw; Douwe A. Beintema; Helmut Feuchtgruber; A. Heras; D. Kester; F. Lahuis; R. Lorente; K. Leech; E. Huygen; P. Morris; Peter R. Roelfsema; A. Salama; Rens Waters; E. Wieprecht
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Paper Abstract

The Short-Wavelength Spectrometer (SWS) is one of the four focal plane instruments of ESA's Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). The satellite was launched on November 15, 1995 with a super fluid Helium content of about 2300 liters to keep the telescope, the scientific payload and the optical baffles at operating temperatures between 2 and 8 K. On April 8, 1998 the liquid Helium depleted and the instruments were switched-off when the focal plane reached a temperature of 4.2 K. A satellite engineering test program was conducted between April 20 and May 10. Timeslots before and during the test program were used to operate the InSb detectors of the SWS instrument while the temperature of the focal plane slowly increased up to 40 K. The instrument was used to record spectra of 260 stars between 2.36 and 4.05 microns at a resolution of 2000 and with high S/N. Goal of the program was to observe a set of stars covering the entire MK spectral classification scheme to extend this classification scheme to the infrared. We discuss changes in the instrument relevant for operating and calibrating the instrument at temperatures above 4K: changes in the InSb detector behavior (dark levels, noise, response, ...), behavior of the JFETs and geometry changes in the grating scanner mechanism. We also show that the calibration of the data obtained after Helium loss is accurate, resulting in a data set of great scientific value.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 December 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3759, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing VII, (6 December 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.372695
Show Author Affiliations
Bart K.P. Vandenbussche, Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)
Mattheus WM de Graauw, Space Research Organization of the Netherlands (Netherlands)
Douwe A. Beintema, Space Research Organization of the Netherlands (Netherlands)
Helmut Feuchtgruber, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
A. Heras, European Space Agency/ESTEC (Netherlands)
D. Kester, Space Research Organization of the Netherlands (Netherlands)
F. Lahuis, Space Research Organization of the Netherlands, and European Space Agency, Madrid (Netherlands)
R. Lorente, European Space Agency, Madrid (Spain)
K. Leech, European Space Agency, Madrid (Spain)
E. Huygen, Katholieke Univ. Leuven (Belgium)
P. Morris, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Peter R. Roelfsema, Space Research Organization of the Netherlands (Netherlands)
A. Salama, European Space Agency, Madrid (Spain)
Rens Waters, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
E. Wieprecht, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik and European Space Agency (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3759:
Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing VII
Marija Strojnik; Bjorn F. Andresen, Editor(s)

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