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Proceedings Paper

Accelerated aging studies and the prediction of the archival lifetime of optical disk media
Author(s): David E. Nikles; John M. Wiest
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Paper Abstract

Data archivists expect information storage media to have a lifetime greater than ten years. Furthermore they desire the ability to predict when the media will fail in order to plan for its replacement. Archival lifetime predictions are based on accelerated aging studies, where the media are subjected to conditions of high temperature and high humidity. The rate of failure is measured and the data extrapolated to obtain rates of failure under ambient conditions. This extrapolation is reasonable provided the degradation process is activated and the Arrhenius relationship holds. However this may not be the case for the complicated materials packages in optical data storage media. A primary concern for the polymeric materials is any phase transition, such a glass transition or a beta relaxation, that may occur at temperatures between ambient and the accelerated aging conditions. It is not clear how one extrapolates through those transitions. These phase transitions can give rise to large changes in the rates of diffusion for water, oxygen and other agents of degradation. Furthermore, for polymers, such as polycarbonate, the mode of failure is often hydrolysis and the degradation products can catalyze further hydrolysis, an autocatalytic degradation. The polymer degradation will change the phase transition temperatures. The degradation products may also plasticize the polymer, causing further changes in diffusion rates. We provide here a simple analysis of accelerated aging techniques and discuss other factors that may be involved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 November 1999
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3806, Recent Advances in Metrology, Characterization, and Standards for Optical Digital Data Disks, (30 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.371162
Show Author Affiliations
David E. Nikles, Univ. of Alabama/Tuscaloosa (United States)
John M. Wiest, Univ. of Alabama/Tuscaloosa (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3806:
Recent Advances in Metrology, Characterization, and Standards for Optical Digital Data Disks
Fernando Luis Podio, Editor(s)

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