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Proceedings Paper

Optical refractive synchronization: bit error rate analysis and measurement
Author(s): James R. Palmer
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Paper Abstract

The direction of this paper is to describe the analytical tools and measurement techniques used at SilkRoad to evaluate the optical and electrical signals used in Optical Refractive Synchronization for transporting SONET signals across the transmission fiber. Fundamentally, the direction of this paper is to provide an outline of how SilkRoad, Inc., transports a multiplicity of SONET signals across a distance of fiber > 100 Km without amplification or regeneration of the optical signal, i.e., one laser over one fiber. Test and measurement data are presented to reflect how the SilkRoad technique of Optical Refractive Synchronization is employed to provide a zero bit error rate for transmission of multiple OC-12 and OC-48 SONET signals that are sent over a fiber optical cable which is > 100Km. The recovery and transformation modules are described for the modification and transportation of these SONET signals.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 November 1999
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 3899, Photonics Technology into the 21st Century: Semiconductors, Microstructures, and Nanostructures, (9 November 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.369442
Show Author Affiliations
James R. Palmer, SilkRoad, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3899:
Photonics Technology into the 21st Century: Semiconductors, Microstructures, and Nanostructures
Seng Tiong Ho; Yan Zhou; Weng W. Chow; Yasuhiko Arakawa, Editor(s)

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