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Proceedings Paper

Unified system for 3D holographic displacement and velocity measurements in fluid and solid mechanics: design and construction of the recording camera and interrogation assembly
Author(s): Donald H. Barnhart; Victor S. S. Chan; Neil A. Halliwell; Jeremy M. Coupland
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Paper Abstract

This paper introduces a new approach to 3D displacement and velocity measurements that unifies the disciplines of holographic interferometry and holographic particle image velocimetry (HPIV). Equally applicable to fluid and solid mechanics, the overall system enables quantitative displacement measurements between two holographically recorded events from either particle or surface scattering sites, working with both pulsed and continuous-wave laser systems. The resulting measurements exhibit an accuracy corresponding to interferometric system, but with a dynamic range found with PIV systems. Most importantly, this paper introduces the novel use of an optical fiber to specify the measurement points, remove optical aberrations of windows, and eliminate directional ambiguity. An optical fiber is used to probe the recorded holographic image space at each 3D measurement point in order to extract the 3D displacement vectors. This fiber system also employs a novel optical image shifting method to eliminate the problem of directional ambiguity. In addition, the reported system uses 3D complex optical correlation rather than 2D real digital correlation. It is therefore a simple matter to directly obtain 3D displacement and velocity measurements at precisely known 3D locations in the object space. By correlating both the amplitude and phase information in the holographic image, this system can measure spatial distributions of displacements even when the presence of severe aberrations preclude the detection of sharp images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 October 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3783, Optical Diagnostics for Fluids/Heat/Combustion and Photomechanics for Solids, (13 October 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.365734
Show Author Affiliations
Donald H. Barnhart, Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom)
Victor S. S. Chan, Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom)
Neil A. Halliwell, Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom)
Jeremy M. Coupland, Loughborough Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3783:
Optical Diagnostics for Fluids/Heat/Combustion and Photomechanics for Solids
Soyoung Stephen Cha; Peter John Bryanston-Cross; Carolyn R. Mercer, Editor(s)

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