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Proceedings Paper

Integrated micro-optical fluorescence detection system for microfluidic electrochromatography
Author(s): Mial E. Warren; William C. Sweatt; Joel R. Wendt; Christopher A. Bailey; Carolyn M. Matzke; D. W. Arnold; Shanalyn A. Kemme; Andrew A. Allerman; T. R. Carter; Randolph E. Asbill; S. Samora
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Paper Abstract

We describe the design and microfabrication of an extremely compact optical system as a key element in an integrated capillary-channel electrochromatograph with laser induced fluorescence detection. The optical design uses substrate-mode propagation within the fused silica substrate. The optical system includes a vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) array, two high performance microlenses and a commercial photodetector. The microlenses are multilevel diffractive optics patterned by electron beam lithography and etched by reactive ion etching in fused silica. Two generations of optical subsystems are described. The first generation design is integrated directly onto the capillary channel-containing substrate with a 6 mm separation between the VCSEL and photodetector. The second generation design separates the optical system onto its own module and the source to detector length is further compressed to 3.5 mm. The systems are designed for indirect fluorescence detection using infrared dyes. The first generation design has been tested with a 750 nm VCSEL exciting a 10-4 M solution of CY-7 dye. The observed signal-to-noise ratio of better than 100:1 demonstrates that the background signal from scattered pump light is low despite the compact size of the optical system and meets the system sensitivity requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3878, Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and MEMS, (2 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.361260
Show Author Affiliations
Mial E. Warren, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
William C. Sweatt, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Joel R. Wendt, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Christopher A. Bailey, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Carolyn M. Matzke, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
D. W. Arnold, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Shanalyn A. Kemme, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Andrew A. Allerman, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
T. R. Carter, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Randolph E. Asbill, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
S. Samora, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3878:
Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and MEMS
M. Edward Motamedi; Rolf Goering, Editor(s)

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