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Proceedings Paper

Excimer-laser-induced surface treatments on metal and ceramic materials: applications to automotive, aerospace, and microelectronic industries
Author(s): Michel L. Autric
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Paper Abstract

Surface treatments by laser irradiation can improve materials properties in terms of mechanical and physico- chemical behaviors, these improvements being related to the topography, the hardness, the microstructure, the chemical composition. Up to now, the use of excimer lasers for industrial applications remained marginal in spite of the interest related to the short wavelength (high photon energy and better energetic coupling with materials and reduced thermal effects in the bulk material). Up to now, the main limitations concerned the beam quality, the beam delivery, the gas handling and the relatively high investment cost. At this time, the cost of laser devices is going down and the ultraviolet radiation can be conducted through optical fibers. These two elements give new interest in using excimer laser for industrial applications. The main objective of this research program which we are involved in, is to underline some materials processing applications for automotive, aerospace or microelectronic industries for which it could be more interesting to use excimer lasers (minimized thermal effects). This paper concerns the modifications of the roughness, porosity, hardness, structure, phase, residual stresses, chemical composition of the surface of materials such as metallic alloys (aluminum, steel, cast iron, titanium, and ceramics (oxide, nitride, carbide,...) irradiated by KrF and XeCl excimer lasers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 September 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3862, 1999 International Conference on Industrial Lasers, (8 September 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.361201
Show Author Affiliations
Michel L. Autric, Univ. of Marseilles (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3862:
1999 International Conference on Industrial Lasers
Fuxi Gan; Horst Weber; Zaiguang Li; Qingming Chen, Editor(s)

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