Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Advances in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser
Author(s): Kenichi Iga; Fumio Koyama
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $17.00 $21.00

Paper Abstract

The vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) [lJ is meeting the 3rd generation of development in 1999 and the deadline of the S. Y. Wang's prophecy is approaching a few years ahead. Actually, it has been being applied into various optical systems such as optical networks, parallel optical interconnects, laser printers, high density optical disks, and so on. We like to review the progress of VCSELs in wide spectral ranges covered by various 111-V compound semiconductors. Some innovating technologies will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 July 1999
PDF: 2 pages
Proc. SPIE 3749, 18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics, (19 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.354757
Show Author Affiliations
Kenichi Iga, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Fumio Koyama, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3749:
18th Congress of the International Commission for Optics
Alexander J. Glass; Joseph W. Goodman; Milton Chang; Arthur H. Guenther; Toshimitsu Asakura, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top
Sign in to read the full article
Create a free SPIE account to get access to
premium articles and original research
Forgot your username?