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Proceedings Paper

Feasibility studies of ArF lithography for sub-130-nm lithography
Author(s): Seung-Hyuk Lee; Donggyu Yim; Young-Mog Ham; Ki-Ho Baik; Il-Hyun Choi
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Paper Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the process margins of 193 nm lithography for sub-130 nm applications. We have investigated various cell structures and sizes for various illumination conditions such as the partial coherence factors, quadruple illuminations, and Optical Proximity Correction (OPC). We have also studied the Critical Dimension (CD) variation effects of topography with Bottom Anti-Reflective Coating (BARC) materials on various substrates such as silicon, nitride and aluminum. A 0.6 Numerical Aperture (NA) small field ArF stepper and a Hyundai-developed ArF single positive resist were used for this experiment. Internally-developed simulation program diffused aerial image model and Hyundai OPC simulation tool were also used to predict and effectively correct the optical proximity effect. The simulation result were compared with experimental results. Carefully optimizing the process conditions and optical settings, we obtained CD linearity of 190 nm, taking into account isolated-dense (ID) bias. With sub-130 nm VLSI cell pattern, we also verified the possibility of fabricating devices with sub-130 nm design rule by ArF lithography, with which we predicted some process issues such that ID bias of cell and peripheral patterns, CD bias of perpendicular axes in island patterns, contact hole patterns below 150 nm, pattern collapse, etc. Through this study, we verified that the 193 nm lithography could be applied for sub-130 nm technology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 July 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3679, Optical Microlithography XII, (26 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.354341
Show Author Affiliations
Seung-Hyuk Lee, Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Donggyu Yim, Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Young-Mog Ham, Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Ki-Ho Baik, Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. (United States)
Il-Hyun Choi, Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3679:
Optical Microlithography XII
Luc Van den Hove, Editor(s)

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