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Proceedings Paper

Noninvasive monitoring of salmonella infections in young mice
Author(s): Isoken N. Olomu; Pamela Reilly-Contag; David K. Stevenson; Christopher H. Contag
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Paper Abstract

A recently developed bioluminescent assay was used to study the influence of age and inoculum size on the acute susceptibility of newborn and juvenile BALB/c mice to Salmonella gastrointestinal infection. Three strains of Salmonella were tagged by expression of the lux operon from Photohabdus luminescenes. Using a range of inoculum sizes varied over 6 orders of magnitude, mice aged 0-6 weeks were infected by oral inoculation. LIght emitted from the tagged bacteria and transmitted through mouse tissues was used to noninvasively monitor disease progression over 7 days. In neonatal mice there was evidence of gastrointestinal infection at 24 hours even with small inocular, and at 4-7 days, the patterns of photon emission and remained and healthy throughout the study period. Inoculation of neonates with tagged LB5000 and BJ66 resulted in severe gastrointestinal infections with low and intermediate sizes of inocula respectively. These strains are known to be of reduced virulence in adult mice. These age-related differences in susceptibility emphasize the need to define virulence in the context of age of the host, and implicate maturation of innate resistance factors in determining disease patterns. Identifying these host-factors and further defining the bacterial determinants of virulence in the neonatal host will be facilitated by this noninvasive study of infection using bioluminenscent methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 July 1999
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3600, Biomedical Imaging: Reporters, Dyes, and Instrumentation, (2 July 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.351021
Show Author Affiliations
Isoken N. Olomu, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Pamela Reilly-Contag, Xenogen Corp. (United States)
David K. Stevenson, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Christopher H. Contag, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3600:
Biomedical Imaging: Reporters, Dyes, and Instrumentation
Eva Marie Sevick-Muraca; Darryl J. Bornhop; Christopher H. Contag; Eva Marie Sevick-Muraca, Editor(s)

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