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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of a CMOS image detector for low-cost and power medical x-ray imaging applications
Author(s): Scott T. Smith; Daniel R. Bednarek; Darold C. Wobschall; Myoungki Jeong; Hyunkeun Kim; Stephen Rudin
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Paper Abstract

Recent developments in CMOS image detectors are changing the way digital imaging is performed for many applications. The replacement of charge coupled devices (CCDs), with CMOS detectors is a desirable paradigm shift that will depend on the ability to match the high performance characteristics of CCDs. Digital X-ray imaging applications (chest X-ray, mammography) would benefit greatly from this shift because CMOS detectors have the following inherent characteristics: (1) Low operating power (5 - 10 times lower than CCD/processing electronics). (2) Standard CMOS manufacturing process (CCD requires special manufacturing). (3) On-chip integration of analog/digital processing functions (difficult with CCD). (4) Low Cost (5 - 10 times lower cost than CCD). The achievement of both low cost and low power is highly desirable for portable applications as well as situations where large, expensive X-ray imaging machines are not feasible (small hospitals and clinics, emergency medical vehicles, remote sites). Achieving this goal using commercially available components would allow rapid development of such digital X-ray systems as compared with the development difficulties incurred through specialized direct detectors and systems. The focus of this paper is to evaluate a CMOS image detector for medical X-ray applications and to demonstrate the results obtained from a prototype CMOS digital X-ray camera. Results from the images collected from this optically-coupled camera are presented for a particular lens, X-ray conversion screen, and demagnification factor. Further, an overview of the overall power consumption and cost of a multi-sensor CMOS mosaic compared to its CCD counterpart are also reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 1999
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3659, Medical Imaging 1999: Physics of Medical Imaging, (28 May 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349481
Show Author Affiliations
Scott T. Smith, Sensor Plus, Inc. (United States)
Daniel R. Bednarek, SUNY/Buffalo (United States)
Darold C. Wobschall, Sensor Plus, Inc. (United States)
Myoungki Jeong, Sensor Plus, Inc. (United States)
Hyunkeun Kim, Sensor Plus, Inc. (United States)
Stephen Rudin, SUNY/Buffalo (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3659:
Medical Imaging 1999: Physics of Medical Imaging
John M. Boone; James T. Dobbins III, Editor(s)

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