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Proceedings Paper

Polarity and sensitivity of T lymphocyte studied by an optical trap
Author(s): Xunbin Wei; Tatiana B. Krasieva; Michael D. Cahalan; Bruce J. Tromberg
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Paper Abstract

Lymphocytes are the central players in the human adaptive immune response. In the body, individual T helper lymphocytes need to be activated first by physical contact with antigen- presenting cells (APC). T-cell contact with APCs initiated an activation cascade, which includes an increase in T-cell intracellular calcium, leading to T-cell proliferation, differentiation and lymphokine production. Calcium imaging are combined with optical manipulation to investigate the physical properties of T-cell activation. We study cell-cell contact requirements for T-cell activation using optical tweezers to control the orientation of T-cell/APC pairs and fluorescence microscopy to measure the subsequent T-cell intracellular calcium level [(Ca2+)i] response. APCs or beads coated with antibodies to the T-cell receptor (TCR) are trapped with a near-infrared titanium-sapphire laser and placed at different locations along the T-cell, which has a polarized appearance defined by the shape and direction of crawling. T cells which are presented with antigen at the leading edge have a higher probability of responding and a shorter latency of response than those contacting APCs or beads with their trailing end. Alterations in antibody density and bead size are used to determine the spatial requirements for T cell activation and the minimum number of receptors which must be engaged in order to transmit a positive signal.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 1999
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3604, Optical Diagnostics of Living Cells II, (1 June 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.349197
Show Author Affiliations
Xunbin Wei, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic and Univ. of California/Irvine (United States)
Tatiana B. Krasieva, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
Michael D. Cahalan, Univ. of California/Irvine (United States)
Bruce J. Tromberg, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic and Univ. of California/Irvine (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3604:
Optical Diagnostics of Living Cells II
Daniel L. Farkas; Robert C. Leif; Bruce J. Tromberg, Editor(s)

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