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Proceedings Paper

Atom interference in pulsed standing-wave fields
Author(s): Andrey V. Turlapov; Dmitry V. Strekalov; A. Kumarakrishnan; Sydney B. Cahn; Tycho Sleator
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Paper Abstract

We have studied suboptical wavelength atomic gratings, generated by the interference of atomic de Broglie waves in a time-domain interferometer. Three short optical standing- wave pulses, detuned from resonance with a cloud of approximately 100 (mu) K85 Rb atoms, act as phase gratings for atomic matter waves. The first two standing- wave pulses, separated by time T, produce a sequence of atomic density gratings of periods $lamda/4 at time 1.5T after the first pulse. The dependence of our signals on the time separation of the pulses is in good agreement with our theoretical predictions. As far as we know, this is the first time when the formation of a high order matter-wave diffraction grating was observed in real time. This demonstrated ability to produce sub-wavelength structures makes our techniques applicable to atomic beam lithography.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 1999
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3736, ICONO '98: Quantum Optics, Interference Phenomena in Atomic Systems, and High-Precision Measurements, (25 February 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.340124
Show Author Affiliations
Andrey V. Turlapov, New York Univ. (United States)
Dmitry V. Strekalov, New York Univ. (United States)
A. Kumarakrishnan, New York Univ. (United States)
Sydney B. Cahn, Univ. of Sussex (UK) (United States)
Tycho Sleator, New York Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3736:
ICONO '98: Quantum Optics, Interference Phenomena in Atomic Systems, and High-Precision Measurements
Anatoli V. Andreev; Sergei N. Bagayev; Anatoliy S. Chirkin; Vladimir I. Denisov, Editor(s)

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