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Proceedings Paper

Subsurface contaminant monitoring by laser excitation-emission matrix/cone penetrometer
Author(s): Jane Wu Pepper; Yu-Min Chen; Andrew O. Wright; Jonathan E. Kenny
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Paper Abstract

We have recently developed instrumentation capable of quickly characterizing or monitoring a site using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) measurements made through a sapphire window near the tip of a cone penetrometer (CPT) probe as it advances through the subsurface. By incorporating ten laser wavelengths simultaneously and collecting a full three-dimensional fingerprint of the soil sample at a vertical resolution of approximately 2 cm, we have made advances in site characterization using this technique, which enjoys all the advantages of in situ measurements: no exposure to, handling, custody or generation of hazardous waste is involved, and results are available in near real time. This report presents the results of recent work at Otis Air National Guard Base. First, a simple one-dimensional measure of the fluorescence fingerprints was correlated with laboratory results for total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), as a potentially convenient way for an operator of our instrument to monitor the results of the LIF measurements in real time, as the probe advances. Second, and more importantly, results are presented to demonstrate the potential of the instrumentation to identify individual target species and to quantify their concentrations approximately. The samples collected on site for conventional laboratory analysis were also measured by LIF and the resulting excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) were analyzed for ten target polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Qualitative and semi-quantitative agreement between these two sets of results was obtained. The agreements were extended to the in situ LIF data taken 2 - 3 feet away.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 February 1999
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3534, Environmental Monitoring and Remediation Technologies, (10 February 1999);
Show Author Affiliations
Jane Wu Pepper, Tufts Univ. (United States)
Yu-Min Chen, Tufts Univ. (United States)
Andrew O. Wright, Tufts Univ. (United States)
Jonathan E. Kenny, Tufts Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3534:
Environmental Monitoring and Remediation Technologies
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Robert L. Spellicy, Editor(s)

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