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Proceedings Paper

Measurements of column content and vertical distribution of NO2 at Zvenigorod Scientific Station
Author(s): Aleksandr S. Elokhov; Aleksandr N. Gruzdev
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Paper Abstract

Since 1990, regular measurements of columnar abundance and vertical distribution of NO2 are carried out at Zvenigorod Scientific Station (50 degree(s)N, 38 degree(s)E) of the Oboukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics with the use of visible, zenith viewing, grating spectrometer scanning in the wavelength range 435-450 nm. Measurements are done during morning and evening twilight at solar zenith angles 84 degree(s) - 96 degree(s). The method of NO2 derivation is based on analysis of NO2 differential absorption taking into account ozone absorption, single molecular and aerosol scattering and the Ring effect. Vertical NO2 distribution is retrieved as a solution of reverse mathematical problem using the Chahine method. The kernel in the problem is computed taking into account photochemical processes. A NO2 vertical profile is represented by ten 5-km thick layers and a thin surface layer. Counting the surface layer as an additional layer is necessary for correct NO2 determination in conditions of the lower troposphere contaminated by nitrogen oxides. Results of eight years of NO2 measurements at Zvenigorod Station are presented. The NO2 annual variations in the stratosphere and the troposphere are analyzed; effects of interannual NO2 variability are considered as well. Also analyzed are the NO2 decrease in 1992 after the Mt. Pinatubo eruption and the following gradual recovery of the NO2 layer. Other NO2 anomalies are considered as well.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 January 1999
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3583, Fifth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics, (13 January 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.337068
Show Author Affiliations
Aleksandr S. Elokhov, Institute of Atmospheric Physics (Russia)
Aleksandr N. Gruzdev, Institute of Atmospheric Physics (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3583:
Fifth International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics
Vladimir E. Zuev; Gennadii G. Matvienko, Editor(s)

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