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Proceedings Paper

Optical diagnostics in gas turbine combustors
Author(s): Steven D. Woodruff
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Paper Abstract

Deregulation of the power industry and increasingly tight emission controls are pushing gas turbine manufacturers to develop engines operating at high pressure for efficiency and lean fuel mixtures to control NOx. This combination also gives rise to combustion instabilities which threaten engine integrity through acoustic pressure oscillations and flashback. High speed imaging and OH emission sensors have been demonstrated to be invaluable tools in characterizing and monitoring unstable combustion processes. Asynchronous imaging technique permit detailed viewing of cyclic flame structure in an acoustic environment which may be modeled or utilized in burner design . The response of the flame front to the acoustic pressure cycle may be tracked with an OH emission monitor using a sapphire light pipe for optical access. The OH optical emission can be correlated to pressure sensor data for better understanding of the acoustical coupling of the flame. Active control f the combustion cycle can be implemented using an OH emission sensor for feedback.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 January 1999
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3538, Process Monitoring with Optical Fibers and Harsh Environment Sensors, (11 January 1999); doi: 10.1117/12.335733
Show Author Affiliations
Steven D. Woodruff, Federal Energy Technology Ctr./U.S. Dept. of Energy (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3538:
Process Monitoring with Optical Fibers and Harsh Environment Sensors
Michael A. Marcus; Michael A. Marcus; Anbo Wang, Editor(s)

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