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Proceedings Paper

Polarization effects in radiation interaction with multilevel quantum systems
Author(s): Alexander A. Apolonski; K. A. Nasyrov; A. M. Shalagin
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Paper Abstract

In recent years interest has significantly quickened in investigation of nonlinear optical and spectroscopic phenomena in such unique objects as Rydberg atoms (the atoms in the energy states near the ionization limit) and van der Waals complexes (dimers). These objects are characterized, in particular, by that their energy states are strongly degenerate due to a large value of angular (rotational) momentum. Here, the problem arises of adequate theoretical description of experimental results, especially when polarization peculiarities of nonlinear radiation processes are considered. The problem is caused by the existence of a huge number of quantum magnetic sublevels of energy states, which are, in the general case, coherently coupled to each other and take part in the radiation processes. Figure 1 gives a vivid presentation of the problem arising even in such a seemingly simple case when one need describe the radiation transitions caused by a strong monochromatic field between two energy levels with large values of the angular momentum J. If the field polarization is arbitrary, the whole set of the magnetic sublevels turn out to be coupled by radiative transitions. Formally, the problem becomes essentially multilevel. In this case not only the hope fades of solving it analytically using the traditional quantum-mechanical approach, but the problems of numerical solution grow abruptly with increasing quantum number J as well. On the other hand, as is often the case, every cloud has a silver lining. With large J we approach the situation when the rotational motion of particles can be described classically. It turns out that the transition from the quantum description of orientation states of the angular momentum to the classical one simplifies the problem radically: it reduces to the problem of radiation processes in the simplest model of nondegenerate states. In this case the rotational motion manifests itself in a dependence of the density matrix elements on orientation angles of the angular momentum as on a parameter.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3485, 11th International Vavilov Conference on Nonlinear Optics, (21 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.328232
Show Author Affiliations
Alexander A. Apolonski, Institute of Automation and Electrometry (Austria)
K. A. Nasyrov, Institute of Automation and Electrometry (Russia)
A. M. Shalagin, Institute of Automation and Electrometry (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3485:
11th International Vavilov Conference on Nonlinear Optics
Sergei G. Rautian, Editor(s)

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