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Proceedings Paper

Modeling and measurement of electrostatic micromirror array fabricated with single-layer polysilicon micromachining technology
Author(s): Young-Hoon Min; Yong-Kweon Kim
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Paper Abstract

A silicon based micro mirror array is a highly efficient component for use in optical applications as adaptive optical systems and optical correlators. Many types of micro mirror or micro mirror array have been studied and proposed in order to obtain the optimal performance according to their own purposes. A micro mirror array designed, fabricated and tested in this paper consists of 5 X 5 single layer polysilicon-based, electrostatically driven actuators. The micro mirror array for the optical phase modulation is made by using only two masks and can be driven independently by 25 channel circuits. About 6 (pi) phase modulation is obtained in He-Ne laser ((lambda) equals 633 nm) with 67% fill-factor. In this paper, the deflection characteristics of the actuators in controllable range were studied. The experimental results show that the deflection characteristics is much dependent upon a residual stress in flexure, the initial curvature of mirror due to stress gradient and an electrostatic force acted on other element except for mirror itself. The modeling results agree well with the experimental results. Also, it is important to fabricate a flat mirror that is not initially curved because the curved mirror brings a bad performance in optical use. Therefore, a new method to obtain the flat mirror by using the gold metallization in spite of the residual stress unbalance is proposed in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 September 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3513, Microelectronic Structures and MEMS for Optical Processing IV, (2 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.324283
Show Author Affiliations
Young-Hoon Min, Seoul National Univ. (South Korea)
Yong-Kweon Kim, Seoul National Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3513:
Microelectronic Structures and MEMS for Optical Processing IV
M. Edward Motamedi; Hans Peter Herzig, Editor(s)

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