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Proceedings Paper

Field trials of mobile x-ray source for mine detection using backscattered x rays
Author(s): Joseph C. Wehlburg; Steve L. Shope; Grant J. Lockwood; Michael M. Selph; John Jojola; Jennifer A. Jacobs; Bob N. Turman
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Paper Abstract

The implementation of a backscattered x-ray landmine detection system has been demonstrated in laboratories at both Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the University of Florida (UF). The next step was to evaluate the modality by assembling a system for field work. To assess the system's response to a variety of objects, buried plastic and metal antitank landmines, surface plastic antipersonnel landmines, and surface metal fragments were used as targets. The location of the test site was an unprepared field at SNL. The x-ray machine used for the outside landmine detection system was a Philips industrial x-ray machine, model MCN 225, which was operated at 150 kV and 5 mA and collimated to create a 2 cm diameter x-ray spot on the soil. The detectors used were two BICRON plastic scintillation detectors: one collimated (30 cm X 30 cm active area) to respond primarily to photons that have undergone multiple collision and the other uncollimated (30 cm X 7.6 cm active area) to respond primarily to photons that have had only one collision. To provide motion, the system was mounted on a gantry and rastered side-to-side using a computer-controlled stepper motor with a come-along providing the forward movement. Data generated from the detector responses were then analyzed to provide the images and locations of landmines. Changing from the lab environment to the field did not decrease the system's ability to detect buried or obscured landmines. The addition of rain, blowing dust, rocky soil and native plant-life did not lower the system's resolution or contrast for the plastic or the metal landmines.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 September 1998
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3392, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III, (4 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.324258
Show Author Affiliations
Joseph C. Wehlburg, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Steve L. Shope, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Grant J. Lockwood, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Michael M. Selph, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
John Jojola, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Jennifer A. Jacobs, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Bob N. Turman, Sandia National Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3392:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III
Abinash C. Dubey; James F. Harvey; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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