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Proceedings Paper

Discernibility of land mines using lateral migration radiography
Author(s): Zhong Su; Joseph L. Howley; Jennifer A. Jacobs; Edward T. Dugan; Alan M. Jacobs
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Paper Abstract

Lateral migration radiography (LMR) employs scattered photons to get detailed images of covered objects. Images of real mines buried in soil using LMR have shown dramatic differences compared to images generated using simulated mines. The major characteristic that allows for the discernibility of land mines to the degree of actual type identification is the presence of voids (air volumes) required for the operation of the fuse assembly or for blast direction control. Air volumes greatly modify the detected field of both once and multiple- scattered photons. The LMR system consists of two uncollimated detectors positioned to detect once-scattered photons and two collimated detectors designed to detect primarily multiple- scattered photons. Air volumes modify both exit paths and the position of first-scatter events; they also modify the migration paths of multiple-scattered photons, thus producing different images in the two detector types. The burial mode (below surface or laid on the surface) of the land mine can also be discerned by LMR due to a shadowing effect seen for surfaced-laid land mines. The presence of even a minute amount of metal in the land mine also aids in discerning the mine, because metal produces a signal decrease in both types of detectors. Monte Carlo calculations have been performed with the MCNP code to obtain an understanding of the details of the photon lateral migration process. Images generated from these Monte Carlo calculations are in agreement with the experimental measurements. The real mine images confirm that LMR is capable not only of mine detection, but also of mine identification.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 September 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3392, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III, (4 September 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.324257
Show Author Affiliations
Zhong Su, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Joseph L. Howley, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Jennifer A. Jacobs, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Edward T. Dugan, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Alan M. Jacobs, Univ. of Florida (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3392:
Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets III
Abinash C. Dubey; James F. Harvey; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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