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Proceedings Paper

Aperture design and numerical reconstruction technique requirements for high-resolution imaging of neutrons in inertial confinement fusion (ICF)
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Paper Abstract

In Inertial Confinement Factor (ICF) experiments, radiation from compressed core is increasingly reabsorbed. For the largest experiments, the only radiation to escape is the 14 MeV fusion neutrons to which we must turn to learn of the physical processes taking place. The most important parameters are the shape and the size of the compressed core and this involves imaging the neutrons produced by the fusion reactions. The penumbral technique is ideally suited to neutron imaging and the feasibility of this technique has been demonstrated at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the United States. At the Phebus laser facility in France, this method has been used to image compressed ICF cores with diameters of 150 micrometers yielding approximately 109 neutrons, and the overall spatial resolution obtained in the reconstructed source was approximately 100 micrometers . On the Laser Megajoule project which is the equivalent of the National Ignition Facility in the United States, the spatial resolution required to diagnose high-convergence targets is 10 micrometers . We wish first to obtain a spatial resolution of 30 micrometers to image source with a diameter <EQ 100 micrometers at a neutron yield in the range of 1011 - 1014 neutrons. A collaborative experimental program with the Laboratory for Laser Energetics at the University of Rochester in this perspective is planned. At the same time, there is a research program in collaboration with Laval University concerning coded aperture designs and the associated reconstruction techniques. In this article we first review the basic requirements of such imagery and the concept of the penumbral imaging technique. Then we concentrate on the aperture design criteria and on the quantity of information necessary to achieve high spatial resolution. Finally, we survey the reconstruction techniques used followed by results and comparative evaluation of those methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 1998
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3460, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI, (1 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.323219
Show Author Affiliations
Olivier Delage, Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (France)
Henri H. Arsenault, COPL/Univ. Laval (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3460:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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