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Proceedings Paper

Lossless medical image compression with a hybrid coder
Author(s): Jing-Dar Way; Po-Yuen Cheng
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Paper Abstract

The volume of medical image data is expected to increase dramatically in the next decade due to the large use of radiological image for medical diagnosis. The economics of distributing the medical image dictate that data compression is essential. While there is lossy image compression, the medical image must be recorded and transmitted lossless before it reaches the users to avoid wrong diagnosis due to the image data lost. Therefore, a low complexity, high performance lossless compression schematic that can approach the theoretic bound and operate in near real-time is needed. In this paper, we propose a hybrid image coder to compress the digitized medical image without any data loss. The hybrid coder is constituted of two key components: an embedded wavelet coder and a lossless run-length coder. In this system, the medical image is compressed with the lossy wavelet coder first, and the residual image between the original and the compressed ones is further compressed with the run-length coder. Several optimization schemes have been used in these coders to increase the coding performance. It is shown that the proposed algorithm is with higher compression ratio than run-length entropy coders such as arithmetic, Huffman and Lempel-Ziv coders.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 October 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3460, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI, (1 October 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.323187
Show Author Affiliations
Jing-Dar Way, National Dong-Hwa Univ. (Taiwan)
Po-Yuen Cheng, National Dong-Hwa Univ. (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3460:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XXI
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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