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Proceedings Paper

Miniature six-DOF inertial system for tracking HMDs
Author(s): Eric M. Foxlin; Michael Harrington; Yury Altshuler
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Paper Abstract

Current HMD applications are hampered by the limitations of head-tracking technologies now in use. Commercially available magnetic, optical, acoustic, and mechanical head- trackers suffer form various problems such as vulnerability to interference, line-of-sight restrictions, jitter, latency, small range, and high cost. This paper presents inertial-sensor-based hybrid tracking technology that was developed to combat all these problems. Two commercially available products, the IS-300 and the IS-600, are described, both based on the same miniature triaxial inertial sensor device. The IS-300 is a sourceless 3-DOF orientation tracker, using gravimetric tilt-sensing to prevent any gyroscopic drift in pitch and roll, and optical geo-magnetic compassing to prevent any gyroscopic drift in yaw. The IS-600 is a hybrid acousto-inertial 6-DOF position and orientation tracking system. It tracks changes in orientation and position by integrating the outputs of its gyros and accelerometers, and corrects drift using a room- referenced ultrasonic time-of-flight range measuring system. The is paper overviews the theory of operation of both systems, and reports bench-testing results designed to evaluate the resolution, accuracy, and latency of each system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 August 1998
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 3362, Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III, (11 August 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317434
Show Author Affiliations
Eric M. Foxlin, InterSense, Inc. (United States)
Michael Harrington, InterSense, Inc. (United States)
Yury Altshuler, InterSense, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3362:
Helmet- and Head-Mounted Displays III
Ronald J. Lewandowski; Loran A. Haworth; Henry J. Girolamo, Editor(s)

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