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Proceedings Paper

Receivers for ground-based millimeter-wave radio telescopes
Author(s): Alexandre Karpov
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Paper Abstract

We present a study of requirements on the sensitivity of mm and sub millimeter wave receivers for application in radio astronomy. The study is based on the experience of the operation of the SIS receivers at the radio telescopes of IRAM and considers also the conditions of operation at the future radioastronomical instruments such as LSA, MMA and LSMA. Using a radio telescope and atmospheric model we consider the effect of the receiver sensitivity on the radio telescope operation in terms of observing time. The observing time at a radio telescope depends on the system noise temperature as strongly as on collecting area, which defines nearly all the cost of modern mm and sub mm instruments. As a compromise between the receiver development effort and the system performance we introduce a criterion of an 'optimum' receiver noise. A strict requirement on the receiver operation is obtained. For an efficient use of the existing and the future radio telescopes, a 10 - 20 K SSB receiver noise in the mm band and 20 - 40 K SSB at sub millimeter wavelength are necessary. Finally the status and the perspectives for SIS receiver development for mm and sum mm radio astronomy are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 July 1998
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3357, Advanced Technology MMW, Radio, and Terahertz Telescopes, (31 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.317412
Show Author Affiliations
Alexandre Karpov, Institut de Radioastronomie Millimetrique (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3357:
Advanced Technology MMW, Radio, and Terahertz Telescopes
Thomas G. Phillips, Editor(s)

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