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Proceedings Paper

Optimal design of piezoelectric smart structures for active cabin noise control
Author(s): Jaehwan Kim; Bumjin Ko; Joongkuen Lee; Moo Ho Nam
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Paper Abstract

Optical design of piezoelectric smart structures is studied for cabin noise problem and an experimental verification is investigated. A rectangular enclosure of which one side of the enclosure is made with a plate while the rest sides are assumed to be rigid is considered as a cabin. Disk shaped piezoelectric sensors and actuators are mounted on the plate structure and the sensor signal is returned to the actuator with a negative gain. An optimal design of the piezoelectric structures for active cabin noise control is performed. The design variables are locations and sizes of disk shaped piezoelectric actuators and sensors, and actuator gain. The excitation frequency is chosen for a resonance as well as off resonance of the coupled system. To model the enclosure structure, the finite element method which is based on a combination of 3D piezoelectric, flat shell and transition elements, is used. For the interior acoustic medium, the theoretical solution of a rectangular cavity in the absence of elastic structure is used and the coupling effect is included in the finite element equation. The optimal design is performed at several frequencies and the results show a remarkable noise reduction in the cavity. An experimental verification of the optimally designed configuration is performed and it confirms the feasibility of piezoelectric smart structures in cabin noise problems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 July 1998
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 3323, Smart Structures and Materials 1998: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures, (24 July 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.316302
Show Author Affiliations
Jaehwan Kim, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Bumjin Ko, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Joongkuen Lee, Inha Univ. (South Korea)
Moo Ho Nam, Inha Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3323:
Smart Structures and Materials 1998: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures
Vasundara V. Varadan, Editor(s)

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