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Proceedings Paper

Self-mixing interference inside a laser diode: application for displacement, velocity, and distance measurement
Author(s): Thierry M. Bosch; Noel Servagent; Flore Gouaux; Gregory Mourat
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Paper Abstract

A low-cost compact self-aligned optical sensor using the self-mixing effect inside a cw single-mode near IR laser diode has been developed for distance, velocity and displacement measurements. The optical beam back-scattered by a rough target into the laser diode cavity causes strong variations of the optical output power, the laser and the external target acting as a 3-mirror Fabry-Perot cavity. As each period of the optical power variations of the sawtooth- like self-mixing interference is due to a target displacement of a half-wavelength (lambda) /2, the motion law of this target can be represented by the addition of such small displacements. This sensor has also been used for velocity measurement up to several meters per second by applying a FFT directly on the self-mixing signal to reduce the influence of the speckle. By modifying the shape of the injection current, this sensor can be used as a laser range finder to measure distances from 1 m to 2 m with an accuracy of +/- 1.5 mm. In order to improve the accuracy of the range finder, the choice of the optical source is also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 June 1998
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3478, Laser Interferometry IX: Techniques and Analysis, (30 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.312977
Show Author Affiliations
Thierry M. Bosch, Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France)
Noel Servagent, Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France)
Flore Gouaux, Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France)
Gregory Mourat, Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3478:
Laser Interferometry IX: Techniques and Analysis
Malgorzata Kujawinska; Gordon M. Brown; Mitsuo Takeda, Editor(s)

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