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Proceedings Paper

Refined localization of three-dimensional anatomical point landmarks using multistep differential approaches
Author(s): Soenke Frantz; Karl Rohr; H. Siegfried Stiehl
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Paper Abstract

In this contribution, we are concerned with the detection and refined localization of 3D point landmarks. We propose multi-step differential procedures which are generalizations of an existing two-step procedure for subpixel localization of 2D point landmarks. This two-step procedure combines landmark detection by applying a differential operator with refined localization through a differential edge intersection approach. In this paper, we theoretically analyze the localization performance of this procedure for analytical models of a Gaussian blurred L-corner as well as a Gaussian blurred ellipse. By varying the model parameters differently tapered and curved structures are represented. The results motivate the use of an analogous procedure for 3D point landmark localization. We generalize the edge intersection approach to 3D and, by combining it with 3D differential operators for landmark detection, we propose three multi-step procedures for subvoxel localization of 3D point landmarks. The multi-step procedures are experimentally tested for 3D synthetic images and 3D MR images of the human head. We show that the multi-step procedures significantly improves the localization accuracy in comparison to applying a 3D detection operator alone.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 June 1998
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.310892
Show Author Affiliations
Soenke Frantz, Univ. Hamburg (Germany)
Karl Rohr, Univ. Hamburg (Germany)
H. Siegfried Stiehl, Univ. Hamburg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3338:
Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing
Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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