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Proceedings Paper

Computer-aided diagnosis of interstitial lung disease: a texture feature extraction and classification approach
Author(s): Rene Vargas-Voracek; H. Page McAdams; Carey E. Floyd Jr.
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Paper Abstract

An approach for the classification of normal or abnormal lung parenchyma from selected regions of interest (ROIs) of chest radiographs is presented for computer aided diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD). The proposed approach uses a feed-forward neural network to classify each ROI based on a set of isotropic texture measures obtained from the joint grey level distribution of pairs of pixels separated by a specific distance. Two hundred ROIs, each 64 X 64 pixels in size (11 X 11 mm), were extracted from digitized chest radiographs for testing. Diagnosis performance was evaluated with the leave-one-out method. Classification of independent ROIs achieved a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 84% with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.85. The diagnosis for each patient was correct for all cases when a `majority vote' criterion for the classification of the corresponding ROIs was applied to issue a normal or ILD patient classification. The proposed approach is a simple, fast, and consistent method for computer aided diagnosis of ILD with a very good performance. Further research will include additional cases, including differential diagnosis among ILD manifestations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 June 1998
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3338, Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing, (24 June 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.310882
Show Author Affiliations
Rene Vargas-Voracek, Duke Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
H. Page McAdams, Duke Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Carey E. Floyd Jr., Duke Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3338:
Medical Imaging 1998: Image Processing
Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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