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Proceedings Paper

Antitumor immune responses induced by photodynamic immunotherapy in rats
Author(s): Wei R. Chen; Karen E. Robinson; Robert L. Adams; Anil K. Singhal; Robert E. Nordquist
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Paper Abstract

A new laser immunotherapy was used to treat metastatic mammary rat tumors. This new modality consists of three components: a near-infrared diode laser, a photosensitizer, and an immunoadjuvant. The sensitizer-adjuvant solution was injected directly to the tumor, followed by a non-invasive laser application. The new method resulted in total eradication of the treated primary tumors and eradication of untreated metastases at remote sites. Observed was the long-term survival of treated tumor-bearing rats: up to 120 days after tumor inoculation, a 300% increase in survival length compared with untreated control tumor-bearing rats. In addition, the successfully treated rats were refractory to tumor rechallenge with 10 times of the original tumor dose. Fluorescein and peroxidase immunochemical assays were also performed using sera from cured rats as the primary antibody. Strong antibody binding to both live and preserved tumor cells was observed. Western blot analysis, using the cured rat serum as primary antibody also showed distinctive protein binding, suggesting the induction of tumor-specific humoral immune response. These results indicated that an immune response was induced by the treatment of laser, photosensitizer and immunoadjuvant.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 May 1998
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3254, Laser-Tissue Interaction IX, (13 May 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.308177
Show Author Affiliations
Wei R. Chen, Oklahoma School of Science and Mathematics and Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Karen E. Robinson, Oklahoma School of Science and Mathematics (United States)
Robert L. Adams, Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Anil K. Singhal, Pacific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (United States)
Robert E. Nordquist, Wound Healing of Oklahoma, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3254:
Laser-Tissue Interaction IX
Steven L. Jacques; Jeff Lotz, Editor(s)

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