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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of biosynthetic vascular prostheses by 193-nm excimer laser radiation
Author(s): Wolfgang Husinsky; Ch. Csek; A. Bartel; M. Grabenwoeger; F. Fitzal; Ernst Wolner
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Paper Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the feasibility of transmural capillary ingrowth into the inner surface of biosynthetic vascular prostheses (OmniflowTM) through perforations created by an excimer-laser, thus inducing an endothelial cell coverage. The biosynthetic vascular prostheses (10 cm length, 6 mm (phi) ) were perforated with an excimer laser ((phi) of the holes 50 - 100 micrometer, distance 4 mm) and implanted into the carotid arteries of 8 sheep. The laser tissue interaction process of 193 nm radiation ensures minimal thermal damage to the prostheses. They were compared to untreated OmniflowTM prostheses implanted at the contralateral side. Three months after implantation the prostheses were explanted and evaluated by gross morphology, histological examination and scanning electron microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy showed endothelial cells in the midgraft portion of all perforated prostheses, whereas collagen fibers, fibrin meshwork and activated platelets formed the inner layer in 6 out of 8 untreated OmniflowTM prostheses. It can be concluded, that spontaneous endothelialization of biosynthetic vascular prostheses can be achieved by transmural capillary ingrowth through perforations in the wall of the prostheses in an experimental sheep model.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 May 1998
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3254, Laser-Tissue Interaction IX, (13 May 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.308170
Show Author Affiliations
Wolfgang Husinsky, Technische Univ. Wien (Austria)
Ch. Csek, Technische Univ. Wien (Austria)
A. Bartel, Technische Univ. Wien (Austria)
M. Grabenwoeger, Univ. Wien (Austria)
F. Fitzal, Univ. Wien (Austria)
Ernst Wolner, Univ. Wien (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3254:
Laser-Tissue Interaction IX
Steven L. Jacques; Jeff Lotz, Editor(s)

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