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Proceedings Paper

High-power VCSELs: modeling and experimental characterization
Author(s): Rainer Michalzik; Martin Grabherr; Karl Joachim Ebeling
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Paper Abstract

Broad-area oxide confined vertical cavity surface emitting lasers are investigated theoretically and experimentally as high-power laser sources. A self-consistent laser model comprising current and temperature distribution, carrier diffusion, and a simplified optical submodel is employed to explain measured output characteristics. Top and bottom emitting devices of various diameters are designed and fabricated and the scaling laws for various laser parameters are extracted. A comparison between both emission schemes is provided. Maximum output powers of 180 mW and 350 mW obtained from both top emitters and heat-sink mounted bottom emitters of 150 micrometers and 200 micrometers active diameter, respectively, represent the state-of-the-art. Even higher output powers at improved conversion efficiencies are suggested to be obtained from densely spaced 2D arrays with properly applied heat-sinking.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 1998
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 3286, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers II, (20 April 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.305461
Show Author Affiliations
Rainer Michalzik, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Martin Grabherr, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)
Karl Joachim Ebeling, Univ. of Ulm (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3286:
Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers II
Kent D. Choquette; Robert A. Morgan, Editor(s)

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