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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication of microcapillaries and waveguides for single molecule detection
Author(s): Mathieu E. Foquet; Jongyoon Han; Alfred R. Lopez; Warren Wright; Harold G. Craighead
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Paper Abstract

We are investigating fabrication techniques that can be used to form arbitrarily shaped fluid capillaries at dimensions below 1 micrometers . We are also considering processes and materials for forming optical waveguides in the same devices with the same fabrication processes. The intent is to develop fabrication methods that can be used to make optical/fluid-flow systems for greater miniaturization, integration and parallelism of optical excitation and detection systems, for the sampling of small volumes. We have demonstrated fabrication processes that enable the creation of functional fluid channels and waveguide in a single step. The independent operation of capillary channels and waveguides has been demonstrated and a system is designed for future testing of in-plane optical excitation of fluorescence. Capillaries with widths below 1 micrometers dimensions have been fabricated using photolithography and reactive ion etching in glass and silicon substrates. We have driven dye labeled DNA molecules electrophoretically through the micrometer size channels and observed individual molecules fluorescence. Surface energy on the high relative surface area channels is significant in the filling of the channels with aqueous solutions and treatment of the liquid contacting surfaces has influence on the system behavior. Light is coupled into the waveguide through gratings fabricate by electron-beam lithography.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 1998
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3258, Micro- and Nanofabricated Structures and Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications, (26 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.304373
Show Author Affiliations
Mathieu E. Foquet, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Jongyoon Han, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Alfred R. Lopez, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Warren Wright, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Harold G. Craighead, Cornell Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3258:
Micro- and Nanofabricated Structures and Devices for Biomedical Environmental Applications
Paul Lee Gourley, Editor(s)

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