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Proceedings Paper

Resonating large-angle and low-consumption micromachined optical scanner
Author(s): Sam Calmes; Sandra Schweizer; Philippe Renaud
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Paper Abstract

A monolithic silicon integrated optical micro-scanner is presented. The device consists of a mirror located on the tip of a thermal bimorph actuator beam. The fabrication process is very simple and compatible with IC fabrication techniques. The device is excited electrothermomechanically at its resonance frequency, enabling large angular deflections at low power consumption. The technological process consists of basic frontside silicon micromachining steps requiring only three mask levels. The moving part is defined by selective silicon bulk etching. The bimorph beam is made of silicon dioxide and a thin film conductor. The residual stress in the two layers is used to achieve a 45 degree(s) out-of-plane rest position of the mirror. This allows optical components (e.g. laser diode, collimating lens) to be placed directly on the silicon substrate. Mirrors of 500*300 and 1000*500 micrometers 2 with resonant frequencies at 300 and 100 Hz respectively were realized. Mechanical scan angles of above 90 degree(s) were achieved. The devices are very robust and have run through fatigue tests of billions of cycles at 300 Hz and 90 degree(s) deflection. The power consumption of the device is typically 1 mW for 30 degree(s) mechanical scan angles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 1998
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3276, Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics III, (15 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.302413
Show Author Affiliations
Sam Calmes, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (United States)
Sandra Schweizer, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (United States)
Philippe Renaud, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3276:
Miniaturized Systems with Micro-Optics and Micromechanics III
M. Edward Motamedi; Rolf Goering, Editor(s)

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