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Proceedings Paper

High-performance laser range scanner
Author(s): John Hancock; Eric Hoffman; Ryan M. Sullivan; Darin Ingimarson; Dirk Langer; Martial Hebert
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Paper Abstract

Laser scanners, or ladars, have been used for a number of years for mobile robot navigation. Although previous scanners were sufficient for low-speed navigation, they often did not have the range or angular resolution necessary for mapping at the long distances required by high-speed navigation. Many also did not provide an ample field of view. In this paper we will present the development of state-of-the-art, high speed, high accuracy, laser range scanner technology. This work has been a joint effort between CMU and K2T in Pittsburgh and Zoller + Friehlich in Wangen, Germany. The scanner mechanism provides an unobstructed 360 degrees horizontal field of view, and a 30 degree vertical field of view. Resolution of the scanner is variable with a maximum resolution of approximately 0.06 degrees per pixel in both azimuth and elevation. The laser is amplitude-modulated, continuous-wave with an ambiguity interval of 52 metes, a range resolution of 1.6 mm, and a maximum pixel rate of 500 kHz. This paper will focus on the design and performance of the scanner mechanism and will discuss several potential applications for the technology. One application, obstacle detection for automated highway applications will be discussed in more detail. Example data will be shown and current mechanism improvements from the CMU prototype will also be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 January 1998
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3207, Intelligent Transportation Systems, (27 January 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.300872
Show Author Affiliations
John Hancock, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Eric Hoffman, K2T, Inc. (United States)
Ryan M. Sullivan, K2T, Inc. (United States)
Darin Ingimarson, K2T, Inc. (United States)
Dirk Langer, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)
Martial Hebert, Carnegie Mellon Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3207:
Intelligent Transportation Systems
Marten J. de Vries; Pushkin Kachroo; Kaan Ozbay; Alan C. Chachich, Editor(s)

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