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Proceedings Paper

Detection of distributed damage in concrete using transient stress waves
Author(s): Keith Kesner; Mary Sansalone; Randall W. Poston
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Paper Abstract

Distributed damage mechanisms, such as delayed ettringite formation (DEF) and alkali-silica reactivity (ASR) can cause cracking and premature deterioration of concrete structures. The focus of the authors' research has been to determine whether transient stress waves can be used for assessing the amount of damage present in plate-like concrete sections. Results obtained from numerical, laboratory, and field studies are presented. Finite element analyses were performed to study the effects caused by distributed damage on propagation stress waves. Laboratory studies involved the use of accelerated damage specimens for performing tests for detecting changes in physical properties over time, impact-echo tests, and neutron radiography to quantify the amount of cracking present in a specimen. A correlation was made between damage predictions obtained from impact-echo signals and the actual amount of cracking as determined from radiographs. A field study on concrete box beams suffering deterioration caused by distributed damage mechanisms was performed to demonstrate the feasibility of the methods for quantifying damage in actual concrete members. These studies demonstrated that impact-echo signals can be used to detect and quantify the amount of distributed damage in concrete sections. Guidelines for determining the amount of damage using impact-echo signals are presented. For the first time, engineers have a tool for assessing the amount of damage in concrete structures with distributed cracking.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 March 1998
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3400, Structural Materials Technology III: An NDT Conference, (31 March 1998); doi: 10.1117/12.300109
Show Author Affiliations
Keith Kesner, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Mary Sansalone, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Randall W. Poston, Whitlock Dalrymple Poston and Associates, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3400:
Structural Materials Technology III: An NDT Conference
Ronald D. Medlock; David C. Laffrey, Editor(s)

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