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Proceedings Paper

Photosensitizer-induced fluorescence of the rat adrenal gland and rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC 12) by meso-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC)
Author(s): Mario Colombo-Benkmann; Markus Muhm; Johannes Gahlen; Christine Heym; Norbert Senninger
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Paper Abstract

Rat adrenal glands exhibit an intense mTHPC-induced fluorescence. The objective of our study was the identification of adrenal cells exhibiting mTHPC-induced fluorescence under normal conditions and under stimulation of adrenal proliferation by reserpine. Furthermore mTHPC-uptake of rat pheochromocytoma (PC 12) cells was investigated. Four male Wistar rats received 0.5 mg mTHPC/kg iv 48 hours before perfusion. Furthermore four rats received reserpine (2 mg/kg im od), bromo-deoxy-uridine (BrdU; 50 mg/kg ip od) each for one week and mTHPC (0.5 mg/kg) 48 hours before perfusion. BrdU was detected immunohistochemically. PC 12-cells were incubated with 0.5 mg mTHPC/l culture medium for 24 or 48 hours. Cells and tissues were examined by fluorescence microscopy. The adrenal cortex exhibited an intense mTHPC-induced fluorescence. The adrenal medulla fluoresced faintly. Reserpine increased fluorescence of intramedullary cells, not coinciding with adrenal proliferation. Cortical fluorescence remained unchanged. PC 12-cells lying singly or in small groups and differentiating cells showed a more intense mTHPC- induced fluorescence than confluent cells. Differences of cortical and medullary uptake of mTHPC are independent of proliferation and may be explained by lipophilia of mTHPC, since adrenocytes have an uptake mechanism for cholesterol. The difference of mTHPC-uptake between PC 12-cells and chromaffin cells implicate the possibility of photodynamic applications for medullary neoplasia.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3197, Optical Biopsies and Microscopic Techniques II, (29 December 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.297972
Show Author Affiliations
Mario Colombo-Benkmann, Univ. of Heidelberg and Univ. of Muenster (Germany)
Markus Muhm, Univ. of Heidelberg (Germany)
Johannes Gahlen, Univ. of Heidelberg (Germany)
Christine Heym, Univ. of Heidelberg (Germany)
Norbert Senninger, Univ. of Muenster (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3197:
Optical Biopsies and Microscopic Techniques II
Irving J. Bigio; Herbert Schneckenburger; Jan Slavik; Katarina Svanberg M.D.; Pierre M. Viallet, Editor(s)

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