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Proceedings Paper

Initial evaluation of whole bladder wall photodynamic therapy after intravesical ALA sensitization for carcinoma in situ of the bladder
Author(s): Marie-Ange D'Hallewin M.D.; Willem M. Star; Luc Baert M.D.
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Paper Abstract

Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder is a treacherous entity, that will develop into invasive cancer. Early treatment is mandatory in order to prevent progression. When conservative measures, such as Bacillus Calmette Querin (BCG) instillations have failed, radical cystectomy and urinary diversion is recommended. Whole bladder wall photodynamic therapy (PDT) with Photofrin II has been shown to be effective in eradicating carcinoma in situ, but often resulted in bladder shrinking. We wanted to evaluate the effects of PDT after aminolevulinic acid (ALA) sensitization. Six patients with refractory carcinoma in situ of the bladder were treated with whole bladder wall photodynamic therapy, after intravesical sensitization with aminolevulinic acid. The total light dose (scattered plus non scattered) was 75 J/cm2. No skin sensitization occurred, nor loss of bladder capacity. One patient did not respond and was successfully treated with BCG. Another patient developed distant metastases. Carcinoma in situ was completely absent after 3 months in four patients (66%).

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 1997
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 3191, Photochemotherapy: Photodynamic Therapy and Other Modalities III, (29 December 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.297806
Show Author Affiliations
Marie-Ange D'Hallewin M.D., Catholic Univ. of Leuven (Belgium)
Willem M. Star, Daniel den Hoed Cancer Ctr. (Netherlands)
Luc Baert M.D., Catholic Univ. of Leuven (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3191:
Photochemotherapy: Photodynamic Therapy and Other Modalities III
Kristian Berg; Benjamin Ehrenberg; Zvi Malik; Johan Moan; Abraham Katzir, Editor(s)

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