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Proceedings Paper

Photosensitization of tumor cells: are comparable conditions an impossible dream?
Author(s): Joerg G. Moser; Tatyana A. Karmakova; Sonja Andrees; Birgit Wagner
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Paper Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT)-induced kinetics of apoptosis were studied in V79 cells using several differently localized photosensitizing dyes, mostly tetraphenylporphine derivatives. Apoptotic fractions were quantified by flow cytometry after staining the samples by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-assay. Methylene blue derivative (MBD), a new dye for PDT, and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX that are both localized in mitochondria, induced apoptosis rapidly within hours after PDT. With MBD it was shown that rapid apoptosis was induced only with dye concentration above a certain threshold. With a lower dye concentration apoptosis was delayed more than one day and was induced due to inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation. After PDT with two membrane localized dyes, tetra(3- hydroxyphenyl)porphyrin (3THPP) and Photofrin, maximal induction of apoptosis took about 12 h. With two lysosomal localized sulfonated meso-tetraphenylporphines (TPPS2a and TPPS4) no apoptosis was induced until more than 12 h after PDT. The results are discussed in relation to evidence in the literature on the nature of possible pathways involved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 December 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3191, Photochemotherapy: Photodynamic Therapy and Other Modalities III, (29 December 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.297798
Show Author Affiliations
Joerg G. Moser, Institut fuer Lasermedizin/Heinrich-Heine Univ. (Germany)
Tatyana A. Karmakova, P.A. Hertzen Institute of Oncology Research (Russia)
Sonja Andrees, Institut fuer Lasermedizin/Heinrich-Heine Univ. (Germany)
Birgit Wagner, Institut fuer Lasermedizin/Heinrich-Heine Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3191:
Photochemotherapy: Photodynamic Therapy and Other Modalities III
Kristian Berg; Benjamin Ehrenberg; Zvi Malik; Johan Moan; Abraham Katzir, Editor(s)

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