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Proceedings Paper

Development of electrochromic smart windows by sol-gel techniques
Author(s): Brian Munro; S. Kraemer; P. Zapp; Herbert Krug; Helmut K. Schmidt
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Paper Abstract

A novel nanocomposite lithium ion-conducting electrolyte has been developed, based on organically modified silanes, which is suitable for application in a sol-gel electrochromic system. The system developed consists of FTO-coated (fluorine doped tin oxide) glass coated with tungsten oxide, WO3, at one side of the device as the electrochromic layer, with a cerium oxide-titanium oxide layer, CeO2-TiO2, acting as ion-storage layer or counter electrode. The adhesive properties of the electrolyte enabled the manufacture of electrochromic devices in a laminated structure: glass\FTO\WO3\nanocomp.elect.\CeO2-TiO2\FTO\glass. The conductivity of the nanocomposite electrolyte system varies between 10-4 and 10-5 Scm-1 at 25 degrees Celsius depending on the exact composition. The temperature dependence of the conductivity exhibits typical Vogel-Tamman-Fulcher (VTF) behavior. The thickness of the electrolyte between the two halves of the device could be adjusted by the use of a spacer technique in the range 10 - 150 micrometer. Optoelectrochemical measurements were conducted on electrochromic devices to study the kinetics of coloration and bleaching as a function of the number of switching cycles. At present, cells are constructed in two formats: 10 multiplied by 15 cm2 and 35 multiplied by 35 cm2. Switching times under one minute were achieved for the smaller format with a corresponding optical modulation between 75% to 20% (at lambda equals 0.633 micrometer). In the case of the larger format the switching time increases to several minutes due to the increase in geometric area.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 October 1997
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 3136, Sol-Gel Optics IV, (2 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.284141
Show Author Affiliations
Brian Munro, Institut fuer Neue Materialien (Germany)
S. Kraemer, Institut fuer Neue Materialien (Germany)
P. Zapp, Institut fuer Neue Materialien (Germany)
Herbert Krug, Institut fuer Neue Materialien (Germany)
Helmut K. Schmidt, Institut fuer Neue Materialien (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3136:
Sol-Gel Optics IV
Bruce S. Dunn; John D. Mackenzie; Edward J. A. Pope; Helmut K. Schmidt; Masayuki Yamane, Editor(s)

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