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Proceedings Paper

Estimator banks: a new tool for direction-of-arrival estimation
Author(s): Alex B. Gershman; Johann F. Boehme
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Paper Abstract

A new powerful tool for improving the threshold performance of direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation is considered. The essence of our approach is to reduce the number of outliers in the threshold domain using the so-called estimator bank containing multiple 'parallel' underlying DOA estimators which are based on pseudorandom resampling of the MUSIC spatial spectrum for given data batch or sample covariance matrix. To improve the threshold performance relative to conventional MUSIC, evolutionary principles are used, i.e., only 'successful' underlying estimators (having no failure in the preliminary estimated source localization sectors) are exploited in the final estimate. An efficient beamspace root implementation of the estimator bank approach is developed, combined with the array interpolation technique which enables the application to arbitrary arrays. A higher-order extension of our approach is also presented, where the cumulant-based MUSIC estimator is exploited as a basic technique for spatial spectrum resampling. Simulations and experimental data processing show that our algorithm performs well below the MUSIC threshold, namely, has the threshold performance similar to that of the stochastic ML method. At the same time, the computational cost of our algorithm is much lower than that of stochastic ML because no multidimensional optimization is involved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 3162, Advanced Signal Processing: Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VII, (24 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279503
Show Author Affiliations
Alex B. Gershman, Ruhr Univ. Bochum (Germany)
Johann F. Boehme, Ruhr Univ. Bochum (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3162:
Advanced Signal Processing: Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VII
Franklin T. Luk, Editor(s)

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