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Proceedings Paper

Asymmetrical cone-type secondary concentrators for Fresnel-type reflectors in solar towers
Author(s): Wolfgang Spirkl; Andreas Timinger; Harald Ries; Abraham Kribus; Julius A. Muschaweck
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Paper Abstract

In solar tower plants, where a rotationally symmetric field of heliostats surrounds the tower, an axisymmetric secondary concentrator such as a Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC) or a tailored concentrator or a cone is the obvious choice. For locations at higher latitudes, however, the reflecting area of the heliostats may be used more efficiently if the field of heliostats is located opposite to the sun as seen from the tower. Then the field is asymmetric with regard to the tower. In the case of an asymmetric field, an axisymmetric concentrator necessarily has a concentration significantly lower than the upper limit. Furthermore, the area on the ground from which a tilted axisymmetric concentrator accepts radiation is an ellipse, including also heliostats very distant to the tower producing a large image of the sun. Therefore we investigate asymmetric secondaries. From the shape of the edge ray reflectors constructed for rays in the central south-north plane we conclude that a skew cone reflector might be appropriate for the field and optimized its free parameters by means of raytracing. Asymmetric concentrators may increase the concentration by up to 25% at the same efficiency compared to optimized axisymmetric CPC or cone reflectors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 October 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3139, Nonimaging Optics: Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer IV, (3 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279221
Show Author Affiliations
Wolfgang Spirkl, Ludwig-Maximilians Univ. (Germany)
Andreas Timinger, Ludwig-Maximilians Univ. (Germany)
Harald Ries, Paul Scherrer Institute (Switzerland)
Abraham Kribus, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)
Julius A. Muschaweck, Ludwig-Maximilians Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3139:
Nonimaging Optics: Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer IV
Roland Winston, Editor(s)

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