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Proceedings Paper

Sodium laser guide star system of ALFA
Author(s): Andreas Quirrenbach; Wolfgang K. P. Hackenberg; Hans-Christoph Holstenberg; Norbert Wilnhammer
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Paper Abstract

ALFA is an adaptive optics system with laser guide star for the 3.5 m telescope on Calar Alto, Spain. ALFA has been developed jointly by the Max-Planck-Institutes for Astronomy (MPIA, Heidelberg) and for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE, Garching). All core components of ALFA were installed at the telescope in the course of 1996; the system is currently undergoing integration and testing. ALFA uses a continuous-wave dye laser pumped by an argon ion laser to create an artificial guide star in the mesospheric sodium layer. The laser is stabilized to the sodium D2 line at 589 nm with a sodium vapor cell. In normal operation the frequency is locked to the Lamb dip in the absorption cell, but it is also possible to scan the laser under computer control over several GHz for diagnostic purposes. The dye laser has been optimized for stable operation at high power output; 3.75 W are regularly achieved in single-mode operation. The laser system is located in the coud? room of the telescope; the laser beam is transmitted through the coud? path to a 50 cm beam expansion telescope attached to the mirror cell of the 3.5 m telescope. The first measurements of the sodium spot created with the ALFA laser were made in 1996 with the guide camera of the 3.5 m telescope and with a 1.23m telescope located 276m away.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 October 1997
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3126, Adaptive Optics and Applications, (17 October 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.279051
Show Author Affiliations
Andreas Quirrenbach, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (United States)
Wolfgang K. P. Hackenberg, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Hans-Christoph Holstenberg, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)
Norbert Wilnhammer, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3126:
Adaptive Optics and Applications
Robert K. Tyson; Robert Q. Fugate, Editor(s)

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