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Proceedings Paper

Side-by-side comparison of erosion-resistant coatings
Author(s): Daniel C. Harris
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Paper Abstract

Optical properties and rain and sand erosion resistance of the following infrared window materials were measured: ((1) Barr & Stroud boron phosphide coating on multispectral zinc sulfide, (2) Barr & Stroud gallium phosphide coating (with a thin outer layer of boron phosphide) on multispectral zinc sulfide, (3) Raytheon zinc sulfide coatings on multispectral zinc sulfide, (4) Texas Instruments bulk gallium phosphide, (5) polycrystalline magnesium fluoride, and (6) single-crystal silicon. ZnS-coated ZnS has low optical emission for operation at 500 degrees Celsius in both the 3 - 5 and 8 - 10 micrometer regions. Bulk GaP and bare MgF2 have low emission only in the 3 - 5 micrometer region. BP/ZnS and BP/GaP/ZnS have prohibitive optical emission at 500 degrees Celsius in both the 3 - 5 and 8 - 10 micrometer regions. In whirling arm rain erosion experiments, none of the coated materials was as durable as bare MgF2. BP/ZnS is more durable than ZnS/ZnS, but subsurface damage preceded damage to the BP coating in BP/ZnS. GaP fractured easily on orthogonal crystal planes upon raindrop impact. In sand erosion experiments, BP and BP/GaP/ZnS were best and MgF2 was second most durable. A procedure is proposed for conducting comparative rain and sand erosion tests of inclined windows.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 1997
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 3060, Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V, (27 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.277054
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel C. Harris, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3060:
Window and Dome Technologies and Materials V
Randal W. Tustison, Editor(s)

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