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Proceedings Paper

TiNi shape-memory alloy actuated micropump with fluid isolation
Author(s): William L. Benard; Harold Kahn; Michael A. Huff
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Paper Abstract

The shape memory alloy (SMA) titanium-nickel (TiNi) is used in thin film form as the basis of actuation for a reciprocating micropump. A novel configuration comprising a TiNi actuator and a polyimide diaphragm is used to perform cyclic motion while utilizing the one way shape memory effect (OWSME). The polyimide diaphragm acts as a spring to provide the bias force required for cyclic motion using the OWSME of TiNi. It also isolates the TiNi from the liquid pumped. An electrical drive signal is passed directly through the TiNi thin film. The current results in joule heating and hence a phase transformation in the SMA causing the shape memory effect. The cyclic motion of this actuator configuration cycles the volume of the pump chamber. Doubly fixed polyimide check valves ensure unidirectional flow through the pump chamber, resulting in pumping. The pump was tested with filtered DI water.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 June 1997
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 3046, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Electronics and MEMS, (19 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.276626
Show Author Affiliations
William L. Benard, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Harold Kahn, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Michael A. Huff, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3046:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Electronics and MEMS
Vijay K. Varadan; Paul J. McWhorter, Editor(s)

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