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Proceedings Paper

Design of piezoelectric sensors and actuators using positioning, sizing, and electrode shading
Author(s): Jung Kyu Ryou; Keun-Young Park; Seung Jo Kim
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Paper Abstract

Distributed piezoelectric sensor and actuator have been designed for efficient vibration control of a cantilevered beam. Both PZT and PVDF are used in this study, the former as an actuator and the latter as a sensor for our integrated structure. For the PZT actuator, the position and size have been optimized. Optimal electrode shape of the PVDF sensor has been determined. For multi-mode vibration control, we have used two PZT actuators and a PVDF sensor. Electrode shading of PVDF is more powerful for modal force adjustment than the sizing and positioning of PZT. Finite element method is used to model the structure that includes the PZT actuator and the PVDF sensor. By deciding on or off of each PZT segment, the length and the location of the PZT actuator are optimized. Considering both of the host structure and the optimized actuators, it is designed that the active electrode width of PVDF sensor along the span of the beam. Actuator design is based on the criterion of minimizing the closed-loop system energy under a given initial condition. Sensor is designed to minimize the observation spill-over. Modal control forces for the residual modes have been minimized during the sensor design. Genetic algorithm, which is suitable for this kind of discrete problems, has been utilized for optimization. Discreet LQG control law has been applied to the integrated structure for real time vibration control. Performance of the sensor, the actuator, and the integrated smart structure has been demonstrated by experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 1997
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 3039, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures, (13 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.276593
Show Author Affiliations
Jung Kyu Ryou, Seoul National Univ. (South Korea)
Keun-Young Park, Seoul National Univ. (South Korea)
Seung Jo Kim, Seoul National Univ. (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3039:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures
Vasundara V. Varadan; Jagdish Chandra, Editor(s)

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