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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear modeling for control of Terfenol-D-based actuators
Author(s): David M. Dozor; Michael J. Gerver; John R. Swenbeck
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Paper Abstract

Nonlinear modeling and control methods can be used to increase the usable range of operation of Terfenol-D. Presently, in dynamic applications the usable range of Terfenol-D is often limited to approximately 850ppm. This limitation is imposed by harmonic distortion, spurious vibration, and/or tracking error considerations. These nonlinear effects are due to large variations in the magnetoelastic parameters and hysteresis. The preliminary results of this program indicate that a large performance advantage may be gained through proper control of the nonlinearities. As an example, a recently designed reaction mass actuator that weighs 1.125lbm can produce peak forces as high as 125lbf. However, to limit the open-loop total harmonic distortion to less than 2 percent requires that peak forces be limited to roughly 65lbf. To determine the magnetoelastic parameters, quasi-static experiments were performed with a specially designed apparatus. The research included modeling and simulation based on the static nonlinear magnetoelastic equations. Under assumptions of quasi-static magnetoelastic behavior, a fourth-order linear model was extended with the static nonlinearities. The model is compared with preliminary experiments. These types of models will allow nonlinear control strategies to be developed for Terfenol-D based actuators, thus extending the harmonic-free operating range.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 June 1997
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 3039, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures, (13 June 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.276582
Show Author Affiliations
David M. Dozor, SatCon Technology Corp. (United States)
Michael J. Gerver, SatCon Technology Corp. (United States)
John R. Swenbeck, SatCon Technology Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3039:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures
Vasundara V. Varadan; Jagdish Chandra, Editor(s)

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