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Proceedings Paper

Quantitative assessment of MS plaques and brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis using semiautomatic segmentation method
Author(s): Tomi Heinonen; Prasun Dastidar; Pertti Ryymin; Antti J. Lahtinen; Hannu Eskola; Jaakko Malmivuo
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Paper Abstract

Quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain is useful in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to obtain reliable indices of disease progression. The goal of this project was to estimate the total volume of gliotic and non gliotic plaques in chronic progressive multiple sclerosis with the help of a semiautomatic segmentation method developed at the Ragnar Granit Institute. Youth developed program running on a PC based computer provides de displays of the segmented data, in addition to the volumetric analyses. The volumetric accuracy of the program was demonstrated by segmenting MR images of fluid filed syringes. An anatomical atlas is to be incorporated in the segmentation system to estimate the distribution of MS plaques in various neural pathways of the brain. A total package including MS plaque volume estimation, estimation of brain atrophy and ventricular enlargement, distribution of MS plaques in different neural segments of the brain has ben planned for the near future. Our study confirmed that total lesion volumes in chronic MS disease show a poor correlation to EDSS scores but show a positive correlation to neuropsychological scores. Therefore accurate total volume measurements of MS plaques using the developed semiautomatic segmentation technique helped us to evaluate the degree of neuropsychological impairment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 3033, Medical Imaging 1997: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images, (9 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.274037
Show Author Affiliations
Tomi Heinonen, Tampere Univ. of Technology and Hospital (Finland)
Prasun Dastidar, Tampere Univ. Hospital (Finland)
Pertti Ryymin, Tampere Univ. Hospital (Finland)
Antti J. Lahtinen, Tampere Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Hannu Eskola, Tampere Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Jaakko Malmivuo, Tampere Univ. of Technology (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3033:
Medical Imaging 1997: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images
Eric A. Hoffman, Editor(s)

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