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Proceedings Paper

Novel use of the CO2 laser on dental hard tissues: an SEM study
Author(s): Harvey A. Wigdor D.D.S.; Jeremy L. Gilbert; Doron Chomsky; Joshua Raif
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Paper Abstract

There is great interest in dentistry to find a replacement for the dental drill which is a great source fear in dental patients. Lasers have been considered a potential replacement. Hard tissue use of lasers on dental tissues has been slow in development has had very limited acceptance by the dental community. The ultimate goal is to develop a laser which can remove both healthy and diseased dental hard tissues and dental materials. The CO2 laser surgical applications on sot tissues has been reported by many authors. It is hard tissue applications have had very few published reports. The thermal effects of this laser on hard tissues precluded its use on hard tissues. A new CO2 laser has been developed to reduce the thermal effects on dentin and enamel. Powers of 3-5 watts were used to ablate the buccal surface of extracted human molar teeth. These teeth were gold coated and evaluated under scanning electron microscopy. The results show some melting of the dentin and enamel, however patent dentinal tubules are evident and there appears to be a non-thermal cutting of the enamel at the boarder of the cut surface. In conclusion these very preliminary results appear to show that this new CO2 laser can cut dentin and enamel efficiently and with very little thermal effect as seen under SEM.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 1997
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2973, Lasers in Dentistry III, (15 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273597
Show Author Affiliations
Harvey A. Wigdor D.D.S., Ravenswood Hospital Medical Ctr. and Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Jeremy L. Gilbert, Northwestern Univ. School of Dentistry (United States)
Doron Chomsky, Laser Industries Ltd. (Israel)
Joshua Raif, Laser Industries Ltd. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2973:
Lasers in Dentistry III
Harvey A. Wigdor D.D.S.; John D. B. Featherstone; Peter Rechmann D.D.S., Editor(s)

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