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Proceedings Paper

Particle image velocimetry studies of bubble growth and detachment by high-speed photography
Author(s): Mathew Stickland; William Dempster; Lee Lothian; Andrew Oldroyd
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Paper Abstract

An understanding of bubble flows is important in the design of process equipment, particularly in the chemical and power industries. In vapor-liquid processes the mass and heat transfer between the phases is dominated by the liquid-vapor interface and is determined by the number, size, and shape of the bubbles. For bubble flows these characteristics are often controlled by the generation mechanisms and, since bubble flows are often generated at an orifice, it is important to determine the controlling parameters which dictate how bubbles grow and detach. For bubbles growing at orifices the liquid displacement is an important feature and affects the pressure distribution acting on the bubble and the heat and mass transfer that may occur at the bubble interface. Therefore, in this study, the characteristics of the liquid velocity field are studied experimentally using Particle image Velocimetry (PIV) during growth, detachment and translation of a bubble being generated at an orifice supplied with a constant mass flow rate of air. The process is transient and occurs over a period of approximately 50 msecs. In order to map the transient flow field a combination of high speed cine and cross correlation PIV image processing has been used to determine the liquid velocity vector field during the bubble growth process. The paper contains details of the PIV technique and presents several of the velocity vector maps calculated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2869, 22nd International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (28 May 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.273421
Show Author Affiliations
Mathew Stickland, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
William Dempster, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
Lee Lothian, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)
Andrew Oldroyd, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2869:
22nd International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Dennis L. Paisley; ALan M. Frank, Editor(s)

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